With a little work on, steering a robot can turn out to be natural. In the event that you simply need to fly one for the sake of entertainment, you should simply figure out how to control it and keep laws that manage drone use. Nonetheless, directing robots industrially is a quickly developing industry, and you could transform your leisure activity into a check. To work a robot industrially in the United States, you’ll need to get a distant pilot confirmation from the FAA –Federal Aviation Administration.
Learning to Fly a Drone
Register your robot in the event that it gauges more than 0.55 pounds (250 g). In the United States, you should enlist a robot that weighs between 0.55 pounds (250 g) and 55 pounds (25 kg) with the FAA. Enlisting your robot online is straightforward:
- You’ll be prompted to register a new account by entering your email address and creating a password. You’ll receive a verification email with a link. After clicking the link, you’ll enter your information and agree to FAA safety guidelines, then you’ll receive a registration number.
- You only need 1 registration number, even if you have multiple drones.
- You’ll need to fill out a paper form to register an unmanned vehicle over 55 pounds (25 kg). In addition, you’ll need to apply for a special exemption in order to fly it. Exemptions are rarely given to those without a pilot license
Start practicing with a toy drone. If you’ve never flown a drone before, practice with an inexpensive toy before trying to fly a vehicle that cost hundreds or thousands of dollars. You wouldn’t want to risk damaging an expensive model. Once you’ve gotten a feel for the controls and can maneuver a toy, move on to a more advanced model.
- Go for a toy under $100 (US) with a separate transmitter (the remote control) that mimics larger, more advanced models. Don’t practice with a toy operated by smartphone.
- Most inexpensive toy drones weigh less than 0.55 pounds (250 g) and don’t need to be registered.
- When you’re ready to upgrade, choose a drone that fits your needs and budget. Battery life is key, so look for models that can fly for 20 to 30 minutes. Most consumers want drones with cameras, but models with good quality video cameras cost a minimum of several hundred dollars. You can find drones with lower quality cameras for around $250.
- The left thumb stick controls throttle, or propeller speed, and yaw, or the direction the drone points. Push the thumb stick forward and backward to increase and decrease the throttle. Push it left and right to rotate the drone clockwise or counterclockwise.
- The right thumb stick controls pitch and roll. Push it forward and backward to adjust the pitch and move the drone forward or backward. Push it left and right to control the roll and turn the drone left or right.
- Remember that when the drone is facing you, the directions are switched. Think about when you and another person face each other. From your perspective, their right arm and leg are on your left side.
- Don’t lift the drone any higher than eye level when you’re just starting to practice.
- You’ll engage the throttle constantly while the drone is in the air.
- Experiment with the controls to get a feel for what happens when you move the sticks in different directions. Make slight adjustments instead of pushing the stick as far as you can.
- While you practice flying and turning, the drone’s height might decrease. Increase throttle by pushing the left stick forward. Remember to make small adjustments and keep the height low when you’re practicing for the first time.
- A soft patch of grass or dirt is a better landing spot than hard pavement.
- Always turn off the transmitter when you’re done flying.
- You also need to let any airports within 5 miles (8.0 km) know that you’re flying a drone.
- You can apply for an exemption to any FAA drone regulation (for instance, if you want to fly at night), but it can take months to process and there’s no guarantee they’ll approve the exemption.
- Visit the FAA guidelines page to start your exemption petition. You’ll need to write a letter that includes all of the following information: your name and contact info, the specific regulation that your exemption request is for, why you need the exemption, why flying the drone would still be safe without the exemption, how long you’d need it, and any additional relevant information that might support your case. You’d then submit your petition online or mail a paper copy.
Taking the Remote Pilot Test
- For example, conditions like epilepsy or equilibrium and balance problems could disqualify you.
- In the United States, you’ll need a remote pilot certificate to fly a drone commercially. You don’t need a license if you’re just flying for fun, but you’ll need it if you want to make money as a drone pilot.
Locate a nearby test center. There are nearly 700 test centers across the United State
- To schedule an appointment, contact PSI (http://exams.us12.list-manage.com/subscribe?u=fc11d9581f931a6ecf76ac503&id=077ff7bf75) or CATS (http://www.catstest.com/), which are the companies that supervise FAA tests.
- While it’s a long document, the FAA remote pilot certification study guide has everything you need to know to pass the test: https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/handbooks_manuals/aviation/media/remote_pilot_study_guide.pdf.
- You can take a practice test here: https://www.faa.gov/training_testing/testing/test_questions/media/uag_sample_exam.pdf
- The FAA also offers a free 2 hour online course on the material the test covers: https://www.faasafety.gov/content/TabLanding.aspx?tab=courses
- Search online for “remote pilot certification knowledge test” to find study guides, videos, and other resources. Keep in mind that, other than the FAA, drone manufacturers will probably offer the most reliable information.
- You can take the test and apply for a remote pilot certificate if you’re not a US citizen, but you’ll need to apply for a foreign carrier economic license. You would fill this form out and send it to the US Department of Transportation: https://cms.dot.gov/policy/aviation-policy/ost-form-4509-application-foreign-aircraft-permit-or-special
- Aside from waiting 2 weeks, there aren’t any limits on how many times you can retake the test. However, keep in mind you’ll have to pay the registration fee each time you retake it.
Applying for a Remote Pilot Certificate
ake the FAA online course if you’re a licensed pilot. If you’re already a licensed pilot, you don’t have to take the knowledge test. You can just take the free FAA online course on piloting unmanned vehicles: https://www.faasafety.gov/gslac/ALC/CourseLanding.aspx?cID=451
- When you take the test, the test center verifies your identity. If you’re a pilot and aren’t going to a test center, you’ll need to meet with a certified flight instructor or other FAA-authorized official to have your identify verified.
- After passing the knowledge test or, if you’re a pilot, completing the online course, you’ll receive a code to enter into your application.
- You can also file a paper application, but it takes longer to process.
- There is no application fee. The only cost involved in getting your remote pilot certificate is the test registration fee.
- Your permanent license will arrive in the mail. It can take up to 90 days to receive your hard copy, but your temporary license is valid for 120 days. If the expiration date approaches and you haven’t received your hard copy, contact the FAA at (877)-396-4636.
- You’ll also have to pay the $150 registration fee every time you retake the test.
- In the United States, you can earn as much as $1000 per day operating a drone. Create a business card and website. Most drone piloting jobs are freelance, so you’ll essentially be building your own business.
- You can also advance your skills to make yourself a more competitive applicant. Universities and drone operation schools offer general piloting lessons and courses on specific jobs, such as flying a drone to film a movie scene or to inspect cell phone towers.